INTRODUCTION TO THE INTERPRETATION OF GREEK MYTHS
This introduction to the decoding of Greek myths invite us to discover that they are an extraordinary and very accurate description of the spiritual path as it was known in the time of Homer
KEYS FOR INTERPRETATION OF GREEK MYTHS
Keys for decoding the Greek myths include the symbol letters, the elementary symbols, the structure of the genealogical trees and the chronology of the myths.
- The development of the Greek alphabet
- The letters of the alphabet
- The roots
- The decoding of proper names
- Elementary symbols
- The structure of genealogical trees
The twelve gods of Olympus are the main powers of the overmind plan that ensure the evolution of humanity in its mental phase of development.
Zeus, the king of the gods, is the highest power of the overmind that embodies the aspiration to grow, the expansion of consciousness, the crossing of boundaries
Hera, the wife of Zeus, embodies the power of limitation, the one that sets the limits, encourages vigilance and full awareness
Ares is the destroyer of obsolete forms, the force that severes. It is a strength that the weak fear but that is appreciated by the strong
Hephaestus is the force forging new forms from the overmind
Hestia is the force of aspiration and rectitude. It calls for escape from compromise, for purity (“everything in its place”) and sincerity.
Demeter, “the mother of the union”, is the power that supports the effort of perfecting our nature in order to gain control of it and lead it to its highest level.
Poseidon is the power that reigns on the subconscious. By the upheavals it raises, it forces a progressive control of the vital.
Apollo is the god of psychic light, Helios being that of the supramental light.
Artemis, twin sister of Apollo, is the power of the overmind that watches over the growth of integrity, of the enlightened will.
Athena, born from the head of Zeus, is the power of discerning intelligence, the force that contributes to the growth of the inner being by the spiritualization of the mind.
Aphrodite is the power that watches over the evolution of love in man. In today’s humanity, it operates mainly through the destruction of forms.
Hermes, last come on the Olympus, is the god of occult knowledge which gives access to the overmind.
The beginnings of the world: the children of Chaos, the children of Gaia with Ouranos and Pontos, and the children of Tartarus, Echidna and Typhon
The children of Chaos
The children of Gaia
The descendants of Pontos represent the five stages of evolution of life and the active forces at this level: Iris, Harpyes, Graeae, Gorgons, Echidna.
Nereus, “the old man of the sea”: the physical or cellular vital.
Thaumas and his children, Iris and the Harpyes: the central vital or true vital and the “thinking senses”.
Iris, the messenger
Harpyes, conservation forces of life
Phorcys, Keto and their children: the Graeae, the Gorgons, Echidna, the Hesperides’ Serpent, Thoosa and Cratais: the emotional vital and the vital mental.
The three Gorgons
The other children of Phorcys : the Hesperides’ Serpent, Thoosa and Cratais
- THE REIGN OF THE TITANS AND ZEUS’ RISE TO POWER
The reign of the Titans corresponds to the childhood of humanity, to its golden age before the mind takes over, which occurred gradually with the rise of Zeus.
The symbolism of the Titans
Birth and rise of Zeus: the gestation and the growth of human mental consciousness, up to the overmind.
The children of Typhon and Echidna – Orthros, Cerberus, The Lernaean Hydra and the Chimera – represent the four great forces of opposition to the growth of human consciousness: the lie, the guardian of mortality, the suffering resulting from desire and illusion or ignorance
The reign of Zeus marks in humanity the beginning of the preponderance of the mind over the forces of life. Then begins the exile and punishment of Prometheus, the quest for appearance and the exile from the Real.
The reign of Zeus
Prometheus and Epimetheus
The punishment of Prometheus
Deucalion and Pyrrha: the myth of the great flood
The five races of humanity according to Hesiod
THE STRUCTURE OF MYTHOLOGY: THE TITANS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS
The structure of mythology, consisting of family trees, is the major key to the encryption of Greek myths. Titans are the symbols of the powers of the plan of creation.
Hyperion and his children – Helios, Selene and Eos – represent the highest expressions of the plan of creation, respectively the light of Truth, the power of realization of the Truth and the Eternal New.
Helios and his son Phaethon
Coeus begot Leto, symbol of the psychic being and Asteria who is the mother of the goddess Hecate.
Crius and his descendants the great winds Boreas, Notos, Zephyr and Eurus, as well as the goddess Hecate, represent divine aids to evolution.
Perses-Asteria and their daughter Hecate
Iapetus and his children Atlas, Prometheus and Epimetheus represent the stages of the ascension of the mental plans and the associated experiences and achievements
Hyas and the Hyades
The physical mind (sensory)
The vital mind
The illumined mind
The intuitive mind
Plouto and Calypso
The children of Hellen
The children of Protogeneia
Cronos and his children, the Olympian gods, and Hades, represent the powers that watch over human evolution during its period of mental evolution
Exemplary punishments in Hades: Tityos, Tantalus and Sisyphus
Oceanos and his children, the river-gods and the Oceanides, represent the powers that watch over the process of purification and liberation according to Nature.
INTRODUCTION TO VOLUME 2 : DOMAINS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Domains of consciousness: conscious, subconscious, unconscious, nescient and supraconscious
The planes of Becoming: The sensitive created world or the external human nature
- The physical
- The vital
- The mental
The planes of the being
- The creating supermind
- The Supreme Divine, triple in One and indivisible
The inner nature of man
- The vaster subliminal planes
- The Self (or ‘I’ or « central being ») and psychic being (linked to the soul)
The gods who direct the worlds
- Conscious, subconscious, unconscious, nescient and supraconscious
- Experiences and realisations
- The experiences on the path of ascension of the planes of consciousness and the realisation of the Self.
- The path of the psychic opening and its coming in front of the outer being.
- The Sunlit Path
The knot of the ego
The paths of Greek mythology and of Sri Aurobindo
The Lineage of the Kings of Athens
Some reminders and precisions
PERSEUS AND THE GORGON MEDUSA; INTRODUCTION TO THE FIRST SIX LABOURS OF HERACLES
The myth of Perseus and the first six Labours of Heracles symbolize respectively the fight against fear and the beginnings of the work of purification and liberation.
The common ancestors of Perseus, Heracles, Oedipus and Europe
The common ancestors of Perseus, Heracles. The myth of the Danaides
The myth of Perseus
The descendants of Perseus up to Heracles
The conception and birth of Heracles
Youth of Heracles and murder of Linos
The Lion of Cithaeron
The cancellation of the tribute to Thebes and the madness of Heracles against his children
Introduction to the labours
THE FIRST SIX LABOURS
The lion of Nemea that Heracles has to defeat in his first labour symbolizes victory over the ego, from arrogance and habitual selfishness to physical ego.
The Hydra of Lerne, which Heracles must defeat in his second work, symbolizes victory over desire. The giant crab that came to help the Hydra represents the primary movement of capture or “seizure” and “attachment” associated with it.
The Ceryneian Hind that Heracles has to bring back alive symbolizes the purification of the planes of the spirit situated above the intellect in order to allow the influence of the superior forces
The wild Erymanthian boar that Heracles has to bring alive represents the manifestations of the gross vital that must be rejected progressively (pacification of the vital)
The Augean Stables to be cleansed represent what is home to the “fallout” of early experiences or spiritual enlightenment because the seeker must give up the fruits of his actions.
The Birds of Stymphalus Lake, which Heracles is forced to hunt from thick forests bordering the lake, represent the mental disturbers that must be eliminated in order to achieve some quietness in the mental.
THE FIRST FIVE CHILDREN OF AEOLUS: SISYPHUS AND HIS SON BELLEROPHON, ATHAMAS, MAGNES, SALMONEUS AND CRETHEUS
The first five children of Aeolus and their descendants represent the necessary achievements in the ascension of the planes of consciousness: victory over illusion, development of intuition, etc.
Order of succession
- Sisyphus and Thanatos
- Sisyphus and Autolycos
- Sisyphus’ children
Bellerophon and the Chimera
Asclepios and Minyas, descendants of Almus, son of Sisyphus
- The descent of the first daughter of Almus, Chryse
- The lineage of Chrysogone, second daughter of Almus (the Minyades)
ATHAMAS : the beginnings of the quest and the very first spiritual contacts
MAGNES : the aspiration
SALMONEUS : the first spiritual illusion and the witnessing consciousness (Tyro)
CRETHEUS: the progression of the witness consciousness and of the ascension of the planes of consciousness. The experience of illumination
Poseidon’s lineage with Tyro: Pelias and Neleus
The lineage of Pheres (from the couple Cretheus-Tyro): Admete, Alceste and Lycurgus
Amythaon’s lineage, (from the couple Cretheus-Tyro): Melampous and Bias
Aeson’s lineage (from the couple Cretheus-Tyro): Jason
The other children of Aeolus
The conquest of the Golden Fleece by Jason and the Argonauts describes the first steps on the spiritual path, the meeting of the master and “tests” until the first great spiritual experience.
The myth of the Golden Fleece
Jason’s youth and the preparation for the quest
Poem 1 Erring Vagrancy: exotic forms of spirituality and fascination for powers
The departure of the Argo ship
- The women of Lemnos : the quest for “exotic spiritual forms” in lieu of an aspiration to transform oneself
- The Argonauts at the Dolions : Inner insincerities which lead to deceptive paths
Poem 2 Other mistakes, the clarifying of intuition, the episode of the dark rocks and the meeting with the true master
- The Argonauts at the Bebryces : The passage by force
- The Argonauts at Phineus Perturbations of intuition and the impossibility of benefiting from expansions of consciousness
- The Cyanean rocks or Symplegades (Clashing rocks) : The Dark Rocks: the first major test
- The Argonauts on the island of Thynia : Encounter with the Master or one’s personal path
- Other mistakes : The Argonauts pass off the coast of the Chalybes, Tibareni and Mossynoeci
The Argonauts and the birds of the island of Ares
Poem 3: Karmic memories and the acquisition of the Golden Fleece : Jason kills the sawn-men raising out from the Dragon’s teeth
Poem 4: The return : The path of the return of the Argonauts
The murder of Apsyrtus by Jason
Argonauts are confronted with spiritual presumption and the awakening of kundalini
The Argonauts at Circe
The Argonauts escape the seduction of the Sirens
The Argonauts avoid Charybdis and Scylla
The union of Jason and Medea
The Argonauts and the desert test
The Argonauts in the Hesperides garden
The Argonauts and the death of the giant Talos
The Argonauts in the terrific night then the illumination
The death of Pelias and the games given in his honour
The separation of Jason and Medea, The death of the children of Medea and the end of Jason’s life
EUROPE, THESEUS AND THE MINOTAUR, DAEDALUS AND ICARUS
Europe and Minos, Theseus, the Minotaur, Daedalus and Icarus concern myths linked to the process of purification and to the great spiritual error symbolized by the Labyrinth and the Minotaur
- The myth of Procris or the end of the scattering and the predominance of the logical mind in the search for its own path
THE LEGENDARY KINGS OF ATHENS
- The first three Kings: the preliminaries of the quest
- The first King of Athens, Cecrops
- The second king of Athens, Cranaus
- The third king of Athens, Amphictyon
- The fourth king of Athens, Erichthonius: entering the path
- The fifth King of Athens, Pandion I
- The sixth, seventh and eighth Kings: the discovery of the personal path and the inner split
- Erechtheus, sixth King of Athens, his children and his brother Boutes
- Cecrops II, seventh King of Athens, and his brother Metion
- The eighth, ninth and tenth Kings of Athens
- The son of Pandion II (Aegeus, Pallas, Nisos and Lycos) and the toll imposed by Minos on Athens.
- Aegeus and Nisos
THE DEATH OF THE MINOTAUR
The feats of Theseus
- First feat: “the man with the iron club”
- Second feat: “the man who bends the pines”
- Third feat: “the sow Phaia”
- Fourth feat: “Sciron”
- Fifth feat: “Cercyon”
- Sixth feat: “Procrustes”
Theseus in Athens
- Daedalus and Icarus
- The children of Minos
Catreus, successor to Minos on the throne and last king of Crete
Deucalion and his son Idomeneus
Ariane and Phaedra
Dionysus represents in the path of purification and spiritual liberation the experience of ecstasy resulting from the impatience of the seeker who wants proof that the Divine accompanies him.
The marriage of Cadmus and Harmony
Ino or the excessive asceticism of the beginners
Autonoe or the deviance of the “too perfect” seeker
Agave and her son Pentheus, or the attachment to effort and suffering (the dark path)
Semele and his son Dionysus
- Birth and youth of Dionysus
- Dionysus and Lycurgus
- Dionysus and the pirates
- Dionysus and the Minyades
- Dionysus and Icarios
- Dionysus and Ariane
- The children of Dionysus
Appendix: The God Pan, the satyrs and the Sileni, the Curetes, the Corybantes, the Cabiri and the Telchines.
The myth of Orpheus concerns two different phases of the spiritual path according to the versions: an initiation to the right rhythm and the emotional control, or a descent into the physical unconscious.
Orpheus as initiator of the first phase of the path
The second phase of the path: Orpheus and Eurydice or the descent into the physical unconscious
The version of Virgil
The end of life of Orpheus
The Orphic myth of Zagreus-Dionysus
INTRODUCTION TO THE SIX FINAL LABOURS OF HERACLES
The last six labours of Heracles symbolize the end of the process of purification and liberation and the spiritual transformation that precedes the supramental transformation.
The Cretan Bull represents the ability to contain without artifice the realizing power of the luminous mind
The Mares of Diomedes symbolize the attraction for excessive asceticism that constrains the energies of life
Introduction to the last four Labours
THE BELT OF THE AMAZON QUEEN HYPPOLYTA
The Belt of the Queen of the Amazons marks the culminating phase of the inner fire, the fulfilment of a perfect mastery of life, the realization of holiness
The construction of the Walls of Troy
The Herds of Geryon, object of the tenth labour of Héraclès, symbolize the powers of life obtained after the transcendence of the modes of nature or gunas
GOLDEN APPLES OF THE HESPERIDES
The apples of the Garden of Hesperides symbolize a state of union with the Divine, the Knowledge whose limits are constantly receding as human evolution progresses.
A few other adventures of Heracles
THE CAPTURE OF CERBERUS
The Capture of Cerberus which guard the entry of the kingdom of Hades symbolizes the acquisition of the knowledge of what “keeps” or prevents access to the divinization of the body, that is to say prevents from a premature transformation
INTRODUCTION TO VOLUME 3: THE MOST ADVANCED STAGES OF THE SPIRITUAL PATH
In the introduction to Volume 3 are presented the most advanced stages of the spiritual path
IXION AND THE BATTLE BETWEEN THE LAPITHS AND THE CENTAURS
Ixion and the Lapith War against the Centaurs symbolize on the one hand spiritual pride and lack of gratitude to the Divine, on the other hand a deep purification of the vital.
Pirithoos and the battle between the Lapiths and the Centaurs
The sixth son of Aeolus, Perieres ‘the right movement’
Lyncée The children of Aphareus: Idas and Lynkeus
The children of Leucippus: Hilaira, Phoebe and Arsinoe
The daughters of Aeolus
Canace, her sons Aloeus and Triopas and her grandchildren Otos and Ephialtes
Calydon boar hunting represents a very advanced purification of the deep layers of the vital, only possible in a very advanced phase of the spiritual path when equality is achieved.
Endymion, and the three generations following him
The lineage of Demodice: Thestius and his children, Leda, Althaia, Hypermnestra and the Thestiads
The lineage of Porthaon, his son Oeneus and his grandchildren Deianira, Tydeus and Meleager
Meleager and his hunters
The progression of the hunt
The last exploits of Theseus concern the period between the realization of equality and the descent into body consciousness.
Theseus and the Amazons
Theseus and Hippolyte
The abduction of Helen, and the attempted abduction of Persephone
Theseus’ end, and the last kings of Athens
The myth of Orion symbolizes an adventurer of the consciousness, master of his vital, who “draws” excessively the divine ecstasy in his nature which is not yet ready to receive it.
The myth of Oedipus and the wars of Thebes illustrate the process of purification of energy centers to make the body transparent to the penetration of divine forces
THE FOUNDING OF THEBES AND ITS FIRST KINGS
Hyrieus, or an understanding of the path and the preparation for entering the quest through a first reversal
Hyrieus’ children Nycteus and Lykus, and his grandchildren Nycteis and Antiope
Other accounts of the founding of Thebes
Death of the Niobids: the end of the realisations and achievements linked with the witness presence of the self
The union of Polydorus and Nycteis, and their son Labdacos
Laios and Jocasta (Epicasta)
THE MYTH OF OEDIPUS
Victory over the Sphinge
The unveiling of murder and incest
THE FIRST THEBAN WAR
The betrayal of Eriphyle
Archemoros’ departure for war, and his subsequent death
Attackers and defenders of Thebes
Tydeus’ mission as ambassador
The burial of the Seven
THE SECOND THEBAN WAR OF THE EPIGONI
Eriphyle’s second betrayal
THE LAST THEBAN KINGS
THE LINEAGE OF TANTALUS: PELOPS, ATREUS AND AGAMEMNON
The lineage of Tantalus embodies the aspiration of the seeker of truth up to the physical unconscious. It includes the Atrides Agamemnon and Menelaus, symbols of a seeker seeking access to the intuitive mind.
The origins of Tantalus
The punishment of Tantalus
The sacrifice of Pelops
The children of Tantalus: Pelops and Niobe
The Olympic games
The children of Pelops, including Atreus and Thyestes
The conflict between Atreus and Thyestes
The murder of Thyestes’ children and the cannibal feast
Other children of Pelops
The descendants of Atreus
THE ROYAL TROJAN LINEAGE: LAOMEDON, PRIAM, HECTOR, PARIS AND AENEAS
The Trojan royal lineage (Electra lineage) symbolizes access to the enlightened mind and its stabilization in the context of the search for the divine in the heights of the spirit and the separation spirit/matter
Origins of the lineage
Tros and his sons Ilos, Ganymedes and Assaracus
Laomedon and his children
THE ROYAL LINEAGE OF SPARTA: LEDA, PENELOPE AND HELEN
The royal lineage of Sparta (Taygetus lineage) illustrates access to the intuitive mind from the enlightened mind. It includes Helen, “The Evolutionary Truth”, Clytemnestra, Castor and Pollux, and Penelope.
The children of Oebalus / Perieres: Aphareus and Leucippus
Aphareus and his sons Idas and Lynkeus
Leucippus and his daughters
The children of Oebalus/Perieres: Tyndareus, Icarius, Hippocoon and Arene
Tyndareus and Leda, and their children Castor, Pollux, Helen and Clytaemnestra
The Dioscuri or Tyndarides (sons of Tyndareus)
The rescuing of Helen after she was abducted by Theseus and Pirithoos
The abduction of the Leucippides (the daughters of Leucippus, Hilaira and Phoebe)
The conflict between the Dioscuri and the Apharetids.
The end of the Dioscuri
THE LINEAGE OF MAIA: HERMES AND AUTOLYCOS
The lineage of Maia begins with his son the god Hermes, symbol of the overmind, the last plane of the mind before the jump to the supermind. The son of Hermes is Autolycos “he who walks with his own light”.
Hermes and his children – some points to remember
The children of Hermes
THE LINEAGE OF DEION: ODYSSEUS, PATROCLES AND TELEMACHUS
The lineage of Deion, the last child of Aeolus, illustrates the most advanced achievements in the ascension of the planes of consciousness. It includes Ulysses and his sons Telemachus and Telegonos.
THE ROYAL LINEAGE OF ARCADIA: ATALANTA
The royal lineage of Arcadia illustrates the achievement of equality through endurance, equality embodied by Atalanta
THE LINEAGE OF ASOPOS: ACHILLES
The lineage of the Asopos (that of the Eacids) illustrates the purification of the deep layers of the vital achieved by Achilles during the Trojan War, purification that allows the reorientation of yoga towards the divinisation of the body.
Phocus and his sons
Telamon and his sons, Teucer and the « great » Ajax
The marriage of Thetis and Peleus and the birth of Achilles
The Trojan War (The Iliad) symbolizes the great reversal of yoga, which marks the end of the quest for the divine in the spirit when the seeker agrees to purify the depths of the vital.
THE SEEKER’S ACHIEVEMENTS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR
THE PREMISES OF THE WAR
The birth and youth of Paris-Alexandre
The pretenders to Helena’s hand and her marriage to Menelaus
The judgment of Paris
The kidnapping of Helen
The first gathering at Aulis and the first expedition in Mysia
– The madness of Ulysses
– The Achilles’ disguise
– The first landing in Mysia
The second gathering at Aulis and the sacrifice of Iphigenia
The trip to Troy: Philoctetes
The landing on the shores of Troy and the death of Protesilaos and Kyknos
The embassy in Troy
The capture by Achilles of the cattle of Aeneas, the sack of many cities of Asia, the murder of Troilos and the capture of Lycaon.
– The destruction of the cities of Asia (the preliminary purification to the great overthrow)
– The killing of Troilos (the passage beyond holiness)
– The capture of Lycaon (the state of wisdom is forced to limit its dominant influence)
The death of Palamedes (the end of the mind which transcribes the divine laws by fixing them)
THE TROJAN WAR (THE ILIAD)
Canto I: Achilles’ anger
Canto II: The forces involved
– The Catalogue of Ships (Achaean Coalition)
– The Trojan coalition
– The gods who support each side
Canto III: Duel of Paris and Menelaus
Canto IV: Violation of oaths
Canto V: Exploits of Diomedes
Canto VI: Interviews of Hector
Canto VII: Duel of Hector and Ajax
Canto VIII: Interrupting the fight
Canto IX: Embassy to Achilles
Canto X: The surveillance of the enemy camp (The Dolonia)
Canto XI: Exploits of Agamemnon
Canto XII: Fights near the Achaean defences
Canto XIII: Fighting near the ships
Canto XIV: Ruse against Zeus
Canto XV: Counterattack of the Achaeans
Canto XVI: Exploits of Patroclus
Canto XVII: Exploits of Menelaus
Canto XVIII: Manufacture of new weapons for Achilles
Canto XIX: Achilles gives up his anger
Canto XX: The fight of the gods
Canto XXI: Fights near the river
Canto XXII: The death of Hector
Canto XXIII: Games in honor of Patroclus
– The progress of the horses
Canto XXIV: Acquiring Hector’s Body
LAST EPISODES OF THE WAR OF TROY
The death of Achilles, the attribution of his weapons and the suicide of Ajax
The return of Philoctetes to Troy and the death of Paris-Alexandre
The conditions of the fall of Troy
The fall of Troy
– The escape of Aeneas
LATEST ACHIEVEMENTS OF HERACLES
The latest exploits of Heracles illustrate the advanced stages of the process of purification-liberation or “unveiling” of the divine involuted in matter. After the installation of the seeker in the overmind, these are the first experiences of the supramental transformation.
The Trojan dectruction
The detour to Kos
The murder of Cycnos and the injury of Ares
Hera and Hades wounded by Heracles
Augias and the Molions; the destruction of Elis
Auge and Telephus
The union with Dejanira
Eurytos, Iphitos and Iole
The fight of gods and giants
The destruction of Oichalie, the death of Heracles and his apotheosis
The first generations of Heraclids
The last Heraclids
The Returns – THE ODYSSEY
The Odyssey or the Return of Ulysses illustrates the most advanced experiences and achievements of the spiritual journey known in Homer’s time, namely the end of the spiritual transformation that follows the psychic transformation, as well as the beginning of the supramental transformation.
The Returns of Diomedes and Nestor
The Return of Calchas
The Returns of Idomeneus, Philoctetes and Podalirius
The Return of Neoptolemus
The Return of Teucer (Teukros)
The Death of Ajax “the Lesser”, Son of Oileus
The Return of Aeneas
The Return and Murder of Agamemnon
Orestes’ revenge and Clytemnestra’s murder
The Return of Menelaus
– The end of Menelaus and Helen
Hermione’s Marriage to Neoptolemus and her union with Orestes
THE RETURN OF ULYSSES (THE ODYSSEY)
Recall of Ulysse and Penelope’s sons
The departure of Troy and the raid on the Cicones (Canto IX)
The Loto Eaters (Canto IX)
The Cyclops (Canto IX)
The island of Eolus (Canto X)
The country of Lestrygons (Canto X)
The island of Circe (Canto X)
The invocation of the dead (end of Canto X and Canto XI Nekuia)
The Sirens (Canto XII)
Odysseus and Scylla (Book XII)
– The Planctes
– Charybdis and Scylla
The flocks of Helios and the test of Charybdis (Canto XII)
The stay at Calypso (Cantos VII, I and V)
Navigation to Pheacia (V Canto)
The arrival at the Pheacians (Canto VI)
The entrance to Alcinoos (Canto VII)
The Pheacian reception (Canto VIII)
The situation in Ithaca (Canto I)
The preparation of the trip of Telemachus (Canto II)
Telemachus goes to Nestor in Pylos (Canto III)
Telemachus goes to Menelaus’s house in Sparta (Canto IV)
The journey of Odysseus from the island of Pheacians to Ithaca (Canto XIII)
Interview with Ulysses and Eumea (Canto XIV)
The return of Telemachus (Canto XV)
The meeting of Ulysses and Telemachus (Canto XVI)
Telemachus joins the city (Canto XVII)
The pugilate of beggars (Verse XVIII)
Odysseus and Penelope (Canto XIX)
Before the massacre of the suitors (Canto XX)
The bow (Canto XXI)
The massacre (Canto XXII)
Penelope and Ulysses (Canto XXIII)
The suitors at Hades and the peace at Ithaca (Canto XIV)