Greek myths interpretation

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INTRODUCTION TO THE INTERPRETATION OF GREEK MYTHS

This introduction to the decoding of Greek myths invite us to discover that they are an extraordinary and very accurate description of the spiritual path as it was known in the time of Homer

Prologue
Introduction

KEYS FOR INTERPRETATION OF GREEK MYTHS

Keys for decoding the Greek myths include the symbol letters, the elementary symbols, the structure of the genealogical trees and the chronology of the myths.

Introduction

Symbol letters

  • The development of the Greek alphabet
  • The letters of the alphabet
    • The roots
  • The decoding of proper names
  • Elementary symbols
  • The structure of genealogical trees
  • Chronology
  • Sources

THE TWELVE OLYMPIAN GODS

The twelve gods of Olympus are the main powers of the overmind plan that ensure the evolution of humanity in its mental phase of development.

Zeus, the king of the gods, is the highest power of the overmind that embodies the aspiration to grow, the expansion of consciousness, the crossing of boundaries

Hera, the wife of Zeus, embodies the power of limitation, the one that sets the limits, encourages vigilance and full awareness

Ares is the destroyer of obsolete forms, the force that severes. It is a strength that the weak fear but that is appreciated by the strong

Hephaestus is the force forging new forms from the overmind

Hestia is the force of aspiration and rectitude. It calls for escape from compromise, for purity (“everything in its place”) and sincerity.

Demeter, “the mother of the union”, is the power that supports the effort of perfecting our nature in order to gain control of it and lead it to its highest level.

Poseidon is the power that reigns on the subconscious. By the upheavals it raises, it forces a progressive control of the vital.

Apollo is the god of psychic light, Helios being that of the supramental light.

Artemis, twin sister of Apollo, is the power of the overmind that watches over the growth of integrity, of the enlightened will.

Athena, born from the head of Zeus, is the power of discerning intelligence, the force that contributes to the growth of the inner being by the spiritualization of the mind.

Aphrodite is the power that watches over the evolution of love in man. In today’s humanity, it operates mainly through the destruction of forms.

Hermes, last come on the Olympus, is the god of occult knowledge which gives access to the overmind.

GENESIS

The beginnings of the world: the children of Chaos, the children of Gaia with Ouranos and Pontos, and the children of Tartarus, Echidna and Typhon

The children of Chaos
The children of Gaia

The descendants of Pontos represent the five stages of evolution of life and the active forces at this level: Iris, Harpyes, Graeae, Gorgons, Echidna.

Nereus, “the old man of the sea”: the physical or cellular vital.
Thaumas and his children, Iris and the Harpyes: the central vital or true vital and the “thinking senses”.
Iris, the messenger
Harpyes, conservation forces of life
Phorcys, Keto and their children: the Graeae, the Gorgons, Echidna, the Hesperides’ Serpent, Thoosa and Cratais: the emotional vital and the vital mental.
The Graeae
The three Gorgons
Echidna
The other children of Phorcys : the Hesperides’ Serpent, Thoosa and Cratais
Eurybia

The symbolism of the Titans
Birth and rise of Zeus: the gestation and the growth of human mental consciousness, up to the overmind.

The children of Typhon and Echidna – Orthros, Cerberus, The Lernaean Hydra and the Chimera – represent the four great forces of opposition to the growth of human consciousness: the lie, the guardian of mortality, the suffering resulting from desire and illusion or ignorance

Orthros
Cerberus
Lernaean Hydra
Chimera

The reign of Zeus marks in humanity the beginning of the preponderance of the mind over the forces of life. Then begins the exile and punishment of Prometheus, the quest for appearance and the exile from the Real.

The reign of Zeus
Prometheus and Epimetheus
The fall
The punishment of Prometheus
Deucalion and Pyrrha: the myth of the great flood
The five races of humanity according to Hesiod

THE STRUCTURE OF MYTHOLOGY: THE TITANS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS

The structure of mythology, consisting of family trees, is the major key to the encryption of Greek myths. Titans are the symbols of the powers of the plan of creation.

Hyperion and his children – Helios, Selene and Eos – represent the highest expressions of the plan of creation, respectively the light of Truth, the power of realization of the Truth and the Eternal New.

Helios and his son Phaethon
Phaethon
Selene
Eos

Coeus begot Leto, symbol of the psychic being and Asteria who is the mother of the goddess Hecate.

Crius and his descendants the great winds Boreas, Notos, Zephyr and Eurus, as well as the goddess Hecate, represent divine aids to evolution.

Astraeus-Eos
Boreas
Notus
Eurus
Zephyr
Eosphoros
Pallas-Styx
Perses-Asteria and their daughter Hecate
Themis

Iapetus and his children Atlas, Prometheus and Epimetheus represent the stages of the ascension of the mental plans and the associated experiences and achievements

Atlas
Hyas and the Hyades
The Pleiads
The physical mind (sensory)
The vital mind
The intellect
The illumined mind
The intuitive mind
The overmind
Plouto and Calypso
Prometheus
The children of Hellen
Aeolus
The children of Protogeneia

Cronos and his children, the Olympian gods, and Hades, represent the powers that watch over human evolution during its period of mental evolution

Hades
Exemplary punishments in Hades: Tityos, Tantalus and Sisyphus

Oceanos and his children, the river-gods and the Oceanides, represent the powers that watch over the process of purification and liberation according to Nature.

INTRODUCTION TO VOLUME 2 : DOMAINS OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Domains of consciousness: conscious, subconscious, unconscious, nescient and supraconscious

The planes of Becoming: The sensitive created world or the external human nature

  • The physical
  • The vital
  • The mental
    The planes of the being
  • The creating supermind
  • The Supreme Divine, triple in One and indivisible
    The inner nature of man
  • The vaster subliminal planes
  • The Self (or ‘I’ or « central being ») and psychic being (linked to the soul)
    The gods who direct the worlds
  • Conscious, subconscious, unconscious, nescient and supraconscious
  • Experiences and realisations
  • The experiences on the path of ascension of the planes of consciousness and the realisation of the Self.
  • The path of the psychic opening and its coming in front of the outer being.
  • The Sunlit Path

The knot of the ego

The paths of Greek mythology and of Sri Aurobindo

The Lineage of the Kings of Athens
Some reminders and precisions

PERSEUS AND THE GORGON MEDUSA; INTRODUCTION TO THE FIRST SIX LABOURS OF HERACLES

The myth of Perseus and the first six Labours of Heracles symbolize respectively the fight against fear and the beginnings of the work of purification and liberation.

The common ancestors of Perseus, Heracles, Oedipus and Europe

  • Pelasgos
  • Argos
    The common ancestors of Perseus, Heracles. The myth of the Danaides
  • Proetus

The myth of Perseus
The descendants of Perseus up to Heracles
The conception and birth of Heracles
Youth of Heracles and murder of Linos
The Lion of Cithaeron
The cancellation of the tribute to Thebes and the madness of Heracles against his children
Introduction to the labours

THE FIRST SIX LABOURS

THE NEMEAN LION

The lion of Nemea that Heracles has to defeat in his first labour symbolizes victory over the ego, from arrogance and habitual selfishness to physical ego.

THE LERNAEAN HYDRA

The Hydra of Lerne, which Heracles must defeat in his second work, symbolizes victory over desire. The giant crab that came to help the Hydra represents the primary movement of capture or “seizure” and “attachment” associated with it.

THE CERYNEIAN HIND

The Ceryneian Hind that Heracles has to bring back alive symbolizes the purification of the planes of the spirit situated above the intellect in order to allow the influence of the superior forces

THE ERYMANTHIAN BOAR

The wild Erymanthian boar that Heracles has to bring alive represents the manifestations of the gross vital that must be rejected progressively (pacification of the vital)

THE AUGEAN STABLES

The Augean Stables to be cleansed represent what is home to the “fallout” of early experiences or spiritual enlightenment because the seeker must give up the fruits of his actions.